How to install NodeJS on Ubuntu
What you will learn
- Intro to NodeJS
- How to Install NodeJS on Ubuntu
- How to use Node Version Manager(nvm)
Intro to NodeJS
V8 is developed by Google written in C++ and it is widely used in the Chrome.
How to Install NodeJS on Ubuntu
Default repositories of Ubuntu will contain older version of the NodeJS in order to install the latest version, first we have to update the our repos using "apt update"
sudo apt update
Install NodeJS from the repo
sudo apt install nodejs
Install Node Package Manager
sudo apt install npm
To make sure that nodejs is installed properly, let's check the installed version.
If you see the version printed on your screen, We can go ahead and write your first program.
How to use Node Version Manager(nvm)
We have installed nodejs successfully but why we need this? In real world use cases we may depend on multiple node versions on different projects, to solve this problem we will use nvm.
nvm will work at the project level which is at the project folder level, if you are from the python background you may used virtualenv to do same.
Download install script for nvm
curl -sL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/creationix/nvm/v0.33.11/install.sh -o install_nvm.sh
Run the script using bash
This script will install the nvm under your home directory ~/.nvm and updates your ~/.profile to use the nvm command globally.
Now we have to reload the ~/.profile config this can be done by re-login to your ubuntu or by running the "source" command.
All set to go! Yeah.
List nodejs version available remotely
You will see the list of versions
v9.10.0 v9.10.1 v9.11.0 v9.11.1 v12.16.3 (LTS) v14.1.0 (Latest)
LTS release status is "long-term support", which typically guarantees that critical bugs will be fixed for a total of 30 months. Production applications should only use Active LTS or Maintenance LTS releases.
How we can install the specific version
nvm install 12.16.3
How we can switch between the node versions
nvm use 12.16.3
To see the list of installed node versions you can use
We can set the default node version by using "alias" command
nvm alias default 12.16.3
Now new session will have the node version of 12.16.3
We have seen what is NodeJS, how to install NodeJS install Ubuntu and we have seen what is NVM and how to use NVM in detail.
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